Grey-headed flying foxes (Pteropus poliocephalus)
This is the only mainland flying fox species endemic to Australia, meaning the other flying fox species also occur outside of Australia. Grey-headed flying foxes are the only species to have fur to the ankle, the other mainland species have fur that stops at the knee. Unfortunately this may help them in the cold weather but may not help in the heat stress events exacerbated by climate change. Like all flying fox species, their main ecological services are pollination and seed dispersal, especially during climate change.
They often share camps with Black flying foxes where their range overlaps. Their most northern camp is Ingham in far north Queensland. Here they commonly share the camp with the other three mainland species of flying fox, the only flying fox camp in Australia with all four species. However the local Council dispersed this camp in 2020 and intends to keep them out of the town park – it is unknown if the four species will come together again to roost elsewhere in the area. During starvation events in NSW, Greys become more nomadic than the Blacks in search their search for food. (Pers.Comm Peggy Eby). They extended their range to Canberra and Adelaide in 2003 during a starvation event on the Australian east coast.