The best housing will depend on why the animals are in captivity. All options must keep the bats safe in terms of injury, predators, ease of access for the carer and ease of cleaning.
Short-term captive care
Bats in the acute stage need to be kept in our hospital section indoors or in the lower sections of our outside cages so they can be caught easily for medications, dressings etc The hospital is mainly for animals who are sick (rather than only injured) such as those with tick paralysis, dehydration and recent surgery. We much prefer to manage most bats outdoors where they can be social, get sun etc It is vital that animals requiring rest are not put in a cage large enough to allow them to fly if they get frightened or alarmed. This can easily happen by activities in their new surroundings such as cleaning of cages.
Our Treatment Cage has a feeding area that is 1.5 metres by 1.5 metres (Inside Treatment), connected to an outside area 3m by 2.2m (Outside Treatment). We can close the 2 areas off from each other or not. Initially we keep short-term care bats in the feeding area. Normally we’ll add a hanging towel to give the feeling of an even smaller space and block out from their field of view from human activities. Once they are used to how we present food and their surroundings we’ll open the hatch between the 2 areas and they can move freely between the two areas. Sometimes we need to have a group of bats in each area and keep the two areas closed off from each other. The two areas have some roofing for protection from rain but allows for a lot of sun as well. While in this area the bats can have a lot of social interaction with the bats free in the flight cage. If there is only one bat in this section we consider putting them in a bedroom section of the main feeding area for bats free in the flight cage. This gives them the safety of social interaction without being mobbed by all who want to know them by smelling.
Long-term captive care bats
are normally allowed into the large flight cagewith the permanent care bats once they have recovered from the acute stage of their condition. These bats are fitted with a velcro collar so that we can find them again. We write on the collar who they are. These are often bats with wing membrane damage from barbed wire that requires time to heal (e.g. large holes and tears) and while it is healing it is optimal that the bat can fly as much as possible. Since September 2020 we now have the small flight cage as well.
Permanent captive care bats
must be able to be independent inside the large flight cage. They must be able to climb up to the top of the 6 metre high cage, and down again to eat; to groom and toilet themselves and not require active medical management. We monitor them when they come down to eat, and do an annual checkup for weight and hygiene issues. The main problems we find are joint and wing contractures secondary to their injuries and the occasional mild fungal wings. Once used to living at the top of the cage they are highly resistant to being kept in a lower treatment area.